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The silviculture work package (WP2) focuses on the optimization of the access to wood resources. This goal involves two main aspects:
- The application of appropriate harvesting techniques – aiming at the promotion of mechanized systems wherever possible, and
- The evaluation of appropriate silvicultural operations.
Appropriate silvicultural measures are principally intended to increase wood production, maintain the biodiversity and resilience but also to enable and facilitate the use of efficient silvicultural and harvesting operations. The development of methods for increasing the wood production and optimizing the interface between harvesting technology and silvicultural procedures is the research emphasis of this work package.
Task 1 is charged with the evaluation of the current situation that means the currently practiced main silvicultural systems in the participating countries (“Where are we?”). On that basis the potential to increase wood production is identified. Task 2, as a consequence, aims at formulating research questions (“Where do we want to go?”), and at generating case studies and establishing case study areas, in order to clarify how the identified development potential can be materialized and defined research questions can be achieved (“How do we get there?”). This means that optimal combinations of silvicultural work steps such as choice of species and species mixtures, planting patterns, early operations, thinning regimes and definition of rotation length will be developed and assessed against their feasibility. Task 3 deals with the modelling of identified best practices, in order to make visible the consequences of the suggested improvements and to ensure their long term effect. Task 4 concentrates on the improvement of the sequence of business processes within supply chains of forest based products and services.